European Union position

EU flagIn December 2012, the Council adopted the EU Drugs Strategy for 2013-2020. The Strategy aims to contribute to a reduction in drug demand and drug supply within the EU. It also aims to reduce the health and social risks and harms caused by drugs through a strategic approach that supports and complements national policies, that provides a framework for coordinated and joint actions and that forms the basis and political framework for EU external cooperation in this field. This will be achieved through an integrated, balanced and evidence-based approach.

This EU Drugs Action Plan, like the EU Drugs Strategy, is based on the fundamental principles of EU law and it upholds the founding values of the Union — respect for human dignity, liberty, democracy, equality, solidarity, the rule of law and human rights. It is also based on the UN Conventions that provide the international legal framework to address, inter alia, the use of illicit drugs, as well as on the Universal Declaration on Human Rights.

Action 22

Members States to provide and apply, where appropriate and in accordance with their legal frameworks, alternatives to coercive sanctions for drug using offenders, such as:

  • Education

  • (Suspension of sentence with) treatment

  • Suspension of investigation or prosecution

  • Rehabilitation and recovery

  • Aftercare and social reintegration

— Increased availability and implementation of alternatives to coercive sanctions for drug-using offenders in the areas of education, treatment, rehabilitation, aftercare and social integration.

— Increased monitoring, implementation and evaluation of alternatives to coercive sanctions

— Type and number of alternatives to coercive sanctions provided for and implemented by MS

— Information on the effectiveness of the use of alternatives to coercive sanctions